A room or building can catch fire due to any reason that you may not be aware of. In the event of a fire, it becomes difficult to create an evacuation plan as everything starts catching fire within a few minutes. The smoke caused by the fire can block your vision, sting the eyes and cause asphyxiation.
In the worst cases, fire events can cause serious burn injuries and even death. Fire, if not controlled can be a severe threat to life and property. Therefore it is essential for every building to have a fire evacuation plan for such emergencies.
Draw exit route maps
An effective fire evacuation plan can quickly allow people to find their way out of the building. Make the copies of all the facility maps. Check and make a note of all the elevators, exits and stairways on the map of your building. Plot two best routes out of the facility map and mark them with arrow signs.
The two routes should not be similar, and not close to each other so that you can use another way if one of them gets blocked. Make sure there are large doors and stairs in the routes to make the evacuation more convenient.
Post the safety routes
It is important to post the evacuation maps on the walls at several places in your office. This will help the employees in all areas to know about the safety routes. Evacuation maps are the routes like emergency evacuation diagrams Melbourne that you should put on various places in the building. If you use it in your home, it is sufficient to post in one place like an entryway that is visible to everyone who enters the house.
Create a crisis management team
If you don’t have a crisis management team, you should create one which can help your employees to evacuate the building in the event of a fire. Choose the selected members from your employee team who can take the responsibility of organising and updating the crisis management plans to use your emergency notification systems.
Lock down the essential areas
It is important to choose reliable employees who can take charge to lock down specific areas during the emergencies like fire. They should shut down the systems and lock outdoors to the specific areas during an emergency. Also select people, who can take over the responsibility in the absence of designated employees.
First steps to take in case of a fire?
When people in your building spot a fire, they should first activate the nearest fire alarm and call 911 immediately for help. After that, they should contact the nearest member of your crisis management team. The team leader of the crisis management team should send a message to all the employees informing about the fire. The team leader should also ask all the employees to evacuate the building and guide them about which evacuation routes to use for the same.
Designated evacuation area
There should be a designated evacuation area in your evacuation plan where all the employees should gather after coming out of the building. This will help you to keep a better track of the people during a fire or any other situation of crisis. If possible, designate an area as a secondary location in case the primary designated location is not available or not safe to use in a situation.
You should tell your employees how to use the evacuation routes to reach the designated location in emergencies. It is essential to use the specific name of the places in your emergency notifications as the employees may not remember the evacuation or designated areas.
Choose a primary location closer to the building and the subsequent evacuation area away from the building. It will keep the employees safe in case the fire affects the primary location or the surrounding area.
Keep track of the employees
Keeping track is essential and should be a part of your fire evacuation plan. You should create a system to keep track of people in case of fire or other emergencies. Also, train the crisis management team about how to keep track of the employees in such situations. The crisis management team leader should count all the employees present on the day of disaster after evacuation.
Re-entry and Recovery
No employee should re-enter the building, until the first responders and the property managers clear and repair it to make it ready-to-use again. You should have a plan for how to recover the data in case the fire damages your computers or servers. Also, there should be an alternate location where you can move your employees after the disaster to continue with the daily work.
Don’t forget to practice your evacuation plan and conduct emergency drills from time to time to keep the employees informed about the evacuation routes, plans and locations. The points in this post are essential to creating an effective fire evacuation plan for the safety of your employees.
Source: Safety HUB